Bob Krause for US Senate Bob Krause for US Senate


Bob Krause today announced the “Next 10 Key Connectors” program for transportation. He said that the Next 10 Key Connectors Program is his plan gives vision to where Iowa needs to go with its Highway and Rail Programs for Iowa when he is elected US Senator. Although I announced my 10 Key Connectors Program while I was exploring the Governor race, much coordination is required with Washington to make this program happen. I will work our next Governor Jack Hatch to make this vision real. Jack Hatch is in agreement with me on the importance of a strong infrastructure development program for Iowa.

Krause added that, “The continued growth and modernization of our highway and rail systems is critical to the continued well-being of Iowa. I have selected these projects because I want to strengthen all of Iowa’s urban centers, and give quality connectivity through underserved rural areas. All of this will lay the base for future growth in Iowa.”

“This is admittedly an ambitious plan. However, we must have a vision if we are to know where we are going.” said Krause who has an exploratory committee for the Democratic nomination for Governor of Iowa.

These are Krause’s selections:


  1. 1.   State Capitols Y: This is based on enhancing the connections from Jefferson City, Missouri through to St Paul with an additional connection to Des Moines. Highway 63 will be a major focus of this project. The state of Missouri has placed a priority on a central Missouri North-South freeway, and this is an excellent opportunity for Iowa to create an additional major corridor into our state that will support not only Des Moines, but also Ottumwa, Waterloo and possibly the Rathbun Lake economic development area.


  1. 2.   Complete Highway 20: Terry Branstad has been governor off-and-on since 1983 and has always promised to deliver on the completion of Highway 20, but never has. I think that 31 years is enough time. Until Highway 20 is completed through to Sioux City and into Nebraska for an ultimate link with I-80 as projected, the system will not be a significant reliever of I-80 traffic.


  1. 3.   Six Lane the Quad Cities to Iowa City I-80 Corridor: Traffic growth on this corridor has been significant, and the road is often bumper-to-bumper. It is likely that Iowa will need to six lane other portions of I-80 in the future, but this is an important first step.


  1. 4.   Build additional Mississippi River Bridge capacity in the Quad Cities: The I-80 Mississippi River Bridge is becoming a severe bottleneck both to traffic and to economic development. A new bridge is vital.


  1. 5.   Four Lane Highway 30 from Clinton through to I-380 in Cedar Rapids: And work with Illinois to expedite a 4-lane connection from I-34 to Clinton. A four lane for this section of road will spark economic development for Cedar Rapids and Clinton, and will also act as a reliever and emergency bypass for I-80.


  1. 6.   Northeast Des Moines Bypass: Complete the freeway loop from the Altoona area through to the Ankeny area. This will serve as a reliever for I-80 traffic and will also enhance sequential growth in the Des Moines metro area.


  1. 7.   Build a Supplemental Span to the Julien Dubuque Mississippi River Bridge: Land is purchased and blueprints have been developed. But plans for a supplemental span for the Missouri River Bridge have been on hold for 10 years. The bridge is an important part of the overall strategy to develop Highway 20 as an Iowa-Illinois through corridor.


  1. 8.   Build the Southwest Arterial in Dubuque: The hilly topography of Dubuque limits the opportunity to place corridors to regulate traffic in and around the city. The Southwest arterial is necessary to prevent traffic problems in the historic downtown area.


  1. 9.   Negotiate with Illinois to Develop Highway 34 Connector from Burlington to I-74. This is not an Iowa construction project, but is very important to Southeast Iowa economic development. Fully developed, it becomes the shortest four-lane route between the Southeast United States and Northwest United States. Iowa needs to work with Illinois to develop this.


  1. 10.                 Expand AMTRAK through Central Iowa to Omaha: The Iowa House of Representatives has been short-sighted in refusing to fund the first stretch of this AMTRAK route. The refusal is even more frustrating because studies have shown that the first leg of this route has a favorable benefit-cost ratio. Beyond the convenience of linking Iowa, Omaha and Chicago, there is long range strategic merit in developing this AMTRAK corridor for the day when high speed trains will come and Iowa will need a candidate line for upgrading.




VETERANS LEGISLATIVE DAY Sexual Assault, Military Sexual Predation & Military Sexual Trauma

Fact Sheet

Scope of Problem: 

Working from survey data, it can be estimated that about 360,000 of America’s female veterans were sexually assaulted at some point during their military career.  71% of women that file a claim for any other injury with US Department of Veterans Affairs also claim sexual assault.

Between 1 in 3  to1 in 4 women in military report sexual assault in confidential surveys, according to the US Department of Defense.  This means that the vast majority of sexual assaults in the military are going unreported. There has historically been a fear of reporting sexual assault by females in the military, in part due to fear of retaliation.  In the period  Oct 1 2010 to Sept 30, 2011, an estimated  3,192 sexual assaults reported out of estimated 19,000.

Iowa’s Situation:

The Iowa Code of Military Justice places the crimes of sexual assault outside the military chain of command. This is in line with legislation currently being promoted by New York Senator Kirsten Gillibrand on a national level. However, the Iowa Code so completely removes sexual assault from the chain that there is no duty to do preliminary investigations or to report the sexual assault to civilian authorities. The MST subcommittee of the VNRC has identified this as a potential problem. This is because of two reasons. First, military training concentrates on the federal Uniform Code of Military justice (UCMJ). However, the UCMJ does not apply to soldiers in a peacetime training status. Young soldiers that have taken the training often wrongly assume that sexual assault is reported through the chain of command in a peacetime situation, so there is an opportunity for the crime to fall through the cracks. Second, sexual assaults happen in a military

environment, often on military posts where civilan law enforcement is not present.  It may be difficult for a young soldier to find the proper reporting mechanism. The proposed legislation seeks to correct this.

The ICMJ also does not incorporate an existing crime from the federal Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). That is a crime that the proposed legislation labels Military Sexual Predation. It speaks to the circumstances that a sexual predator may use to put a soldier of an inferior rank or position into a difficult circumstance.


Current Outreach:  VA has a web site called This is a generic site for all veteran disabilities. It has a section on MST that is three layers down and not readily apparent to the viewer of the screen.

Current Solutions:  MSNBC reports on 19 July 2013 that MSA treatment system by VA is “broken.” “I cannot in good conscience recommend VA to a survivor of military sexual assault at this time,” stated Former Navy Petty Officer Brian Lewis. The DoD is  in similar circumstances.


The Veterans National National Recovery Center (VNRC) is a 501 (c)(3) charitable organization that has worked on matters relating to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). It’s primary focus is not lobbying. IRS authorizes lobbying by charities on an incidental basis.


The VNRC has been working for the last several years to develop niche support services for veterans  in areas where government servies are deemed to be insufficient. Its major focus has been on PTSD, TBI, Jobs and MST









Miyoko Hikiji, MST Project Director, PO Box 12007, Des Moines, Iowa 50312, Ph. 515-689-7361


Dear Editor,


The Senate Veterans Affairs Committee will soon consider proposed legislation to revise the Iowa Code of Military Justice by strengthening reporting requirements on Military Sexual Assault as well as creating the currently uncovered crime category of Military Sexual Predation.


As advocates for this cause, we were surprised and concerned that Col. Gregory Hapgood, public affairs officer for the Iowa National Guard, was quoted making negative comments concerning the bill.


At a technical level, he made a mistake in stating that the Iowa code of Military Justice (ICMJ) tracks with the federal Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ), which covers service members on federal duty. However, the ICMJ is focused on state duty and does not track with the UCMJ. In fact, correcting loopholes created by some of the variance is one of the reasons for the bill.


In addition, the quick dismissal of the legislation flies in the face of the Secretary of the Army’s top priority for 2014, which is to prevent sexual assault in the ranks.


However our concerns with Hapgood’s comments are much deeper than these two technical errors. We fear an entrenched attitude. Hapgood said that policies are focused on “supporting victims and honoring victim’s wishes.”  We disagree.  Policies that focus on victims are often “victim blaming” and do not have necessary focus on where the real problem is—the perpetrator.  Other serious criminal offenses, such as arson, are treated differently.  No commander would have a second thought as to whether to report these crimes to civilian authorities.  No one would ask the owner of the house what he or she’d been wearing that day, or if he or she’d had a beer.  No one would ask the homeowner if they preferred to keep it quiet. 


The stigma of sex crimes is creating a wall of silence and a double standard within military units, including the Iowa Guard.  But the claim that the policies in effect work and that they reflect what sexual assault survivors need is simply false.  No better proof is the recent surge of victim outcry about their treatment within the military justice systems at both state and federal levels.  Please don’t tell these survivors what they want; listen to what the survivors are saying.  They are saying that the system does not work.


Supporting military sexual assault and military sexual predation victims means taking their reports seriously. It means treating crimes within the military sexual trauma spectrum with decisive action.  Victims want more than after-the-fact counseling or a change in duty assignment. They demand justice that takes perpetrators out of military service.  Sex criminals do not belong in our professional military.  They do not represent the values it teaches and upholds.  And data show perpetrators have a high rate of recidivism – some as many as 300 times. The best prevention is getting perpetrators out of the ranks. 


The greatest fear of those speaking out about MST is not the ugliness or shame of the details of the sexual trauma experiences.  It’s actually the fear that by doing so it will excommunicate them from the brotherhood and sisterhood of the military they so dearly love and respect.   For Miyoko, the military provided her with top-notch training and money to complete two bachelor’s degrees.  It housed and clothes and fed her.  Her uniform and the medals of her nine years of honorable service are her greatest accomplishments in life and a source of tremendous pride.  Throughout her career she worked for many great leaders believes these men of honor are equally outraged at the scourge of the MST crisis.   


Despite the support or opposition from military leaders on the MST Amendment to the Iowa Code of Military Justice, we stand together as a voice for a silent group of women service members (and some men) that have survived MST and agree that change is necessary and needed now!


We would like to thank the members of the Iowa legislature that are taking a stand with the survivors of military sexual assault and military sexual predation, and not with the perpetrators. The days of the “good old boy” system for these crimes have got to end.




Bob Krause

President, Veterans National Recovery Center

Ph. 515-657-0069


Miyoko Hikiji

Project Director for Military Sexual Trauma

Ph. 515-689-7361

PO Box 12007

Des Moines, Iowa 50312


Miyoko Hikiji

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Bob Krause for Iowa's Future

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Des Moines, IA



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